Food Grade Bulk Trailer Best Practices

The CTRMC Food Grade Loading and Unloading Best Practices

The attached document has been prepared to provide suggested minimum best practices to manufacturers, suppliers, wash stations and terminals of food grade bulk liquid products. It has been prepared in order to provide best practices and minimum quality and personal safety guidelines for the handling, storage, transporting, receiving, testing, and system maintenance of liquid food grade products as well as washing and sanitizing of bulk liquid trailers. It has been prepared to help in achieving compliance with certain aspects of applicable regulatory standards such as Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP), personal safety, customer requirements, and industry standards.

The scope of the Loading and Unloading Best Practices covers food grade locations where personnel may be asked to be on the top of trailer vessels. Personnel can include the facility employee and driver. This involves facilities that wash liquid bulk trailers, load liquid bulk trailers, and unload trailers.

This document contains facility requirements including Good Manufacturing Practices. Bulk food liquid trailer washing and trailer loading minimum best practices are included as are shipping documentation and unloading guidelines at consignees. This document also details responsibilities of both the food establishment employee and driver starting with the arrival of the trailer to a facility to when the unloaded trailer leaves the facility.

Below is an example of the steps that are included:

Food Employee


Transportation Equipment – Trailers

Before the (un)loading operation starts, employees should check that the transport equipment offered meets all quality, food safety and personal safety requirements for the operation to be carried out.

Before entering the site, drivers should check that the tractor, trailer and all ancillary equipment are fit for the operation and meets all requirements as specified in the driver’s instructions for the operation.

Site Instructions

Employees should always adhere to the facility instructions and be an example for drivers.


Employees should witness the entire loading and unloading of product, unless site procedures stipulate otherwise.

Unless specifically agreed otherwise, drivers should always report at the facility entrance and ask for instructions. These instructions may include emergency procedures, required PPE, personal hygiene requirements, parking restrictions, route to loading or unloading point and general info such as the prohibition of smoking, alcohol and drugs, prohibition of the use of mobile phones, driving speed limits etc. Drivers should always adhere to the facility instructions. Drivers should witness the whole loading and unloading process, unless facility instructions stipulate otherwise.

Finally details on the four types of food grade washes are included.

Below are the table of contents to this document:

Table of Contents




Section 1 Facility Requirements

1.1 General GMP

1.1.1 Cleaning Schedule

1.1.2 Security

1.1.3 Product Traceability/Recall

1.1.4 Glass and Brittle Plastics Program

1.1.5 Pest Control Program

1.1.6 Personal Hygiene

1.2 Building and Grounds

1.3 Water

1.4 Steam

1.5 Documentation

1.6 Sealing

1.7 Training

Section 2 Truck Handling

2.1 Personal Safety

2.2 Pre-Wash Inspection

2.3 Washing

2.4 Pre-Load Inspection

2.5 Loading

Section 3 Shipping Documentation

Section 4 Product Unloading at Consignee

Appendix A: Food Establishment Employee and Driver Responsibilities

Appendix B: Type 2, 3 and 4 Trailer Washes.